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Manuscript Preparation Instructions

The Journal-Cardiovascular Surgery (Journal-CVS) publishes editorials and editorial comments, original (research) articles, review articles, case reports, images, surgical technique/how-to-do-it and letters to editor (these should comment on previously published J-CVS articles) mainly in cardiovascular surgery and also in other fields of cardiovascular diseases.

All manuscripts are subject to review by the Editor, Associate Editors, Invited Referees and a Statistician when appropriate within 15 days. Acceptance is based on the originality, significance, and validity of the material presented.

Editors may offer authors of selected papers (that will not be published in Journal-CVS) the option to resubmit their revised paper to Electronic Journal of Case Reports (EJCR). If the authors choose to accept this offer, their paper may be published in EJCR.

Submission Process

Please read the instructions carefully to ensure that the review and publication process is as efficient and quick as possible.

All material to be considered for publication in the Journal-CVS should be submitted via the online submission system.

Cover Letter: All manuscripts should be accompanied by a cover letter including the statements that there has been no duplicate submission or publication elsewhere; all authors have read and approved the final version of the paper; subject to attendance the authors have accepted to sign an exclusive license to publish and there is no ethical problem and conflict of interest.

Institutional ethics committee approval form documenting that the study has been reviewed and ethically approved should accompany the experimental and clinical research articles submitted for publication.

How to contact the Editorial Office

The Editorial Office can be contacted as follows:

Associate & Managing Editor

Doç. Dr. A. Barış Durukan


Medical Park Özel Uşak Hastanesi

Kemalöz Mahallesi Atatürk Bulvarı 139/A

64200 Merkez / Uşak / Turkey


Manuscript Language

The Journal-Cardiovascular Surgery publishes articles primarily in English, where Turkish abstract is not mandatory and in Turkish.

For articles in English, if you are from a non-English speaking country, it is advised that the language should be assessed by a native English speaker before submission.

Manuscript Format and Style

Whole manuscript should be written justified, double-spaced, with a font of 12 pt and "Times New Roman" style with margins of 2.5 cm from each side using a word processing document (save in .doc format). All pages should be numbered on the right lower corner beginning from the title page. Use the TAB key for paragraph indents. Do not use bold or italic for emphasis. Use superscript lowercase letters for further explanations. Differentiate between the letter O and zero, and the letters I and l and the number 1.

Manuscripts should be organized as follows:

Title Page: All manuscripts should begin with a title page including title of the manuscript; type of the manuscript; full names, highest academic degrees and affiliations of authors; institution where the work was done; complete word count of abstract and text; the address, telephone, fax and e-mail of the corresponding author. Number of authors is limited to 8 for original articles and review articles and 5 for others. If the manuscript was presented at a meeting, the meeting name, venue, and the date on which it was read should be indicated. 3-6 keywords are mandatory for subject indexing in every manuscript taken from

Abstract: Only in original articles, review articles and case reports, the second page of the manuscript should contain the Abstract, which should be comprehensible to readers before they have read the paper. Reference citations must be avoided. The abstract should be factual and free of abbreviations except for SI units of measurement. In case reports, a short abstract of 200 words is required. In original articles, a structured abstract of maximum 350 words must have four sections:

  1. Objectives: should describe the problem addressed in the study and its purpose.
  2. Materials and Methods: should explain how the study was performed (basic procedures with study materials and observational and analytical methods).
  3. Results: should describe the main findings with specific data and their statistical significance, if possible.
  4. Conclusions: should contain the main conclusion of the study.


  • Original article: maximum 3500 words
    1. Introduction: a short review of literature and statement of importance of the subject
    2. Materials and Methods: should be described in detail with appropriate information about patients or experimental animals. The statements of ‘approval from Ethical Committee’ and ‘the study applies the guidelines of The Declaration of Helsinki’ should be made.
    3. Results: should be reported concisely and regarded as an important part of the manuscript. They should be presented either in tables and figures, and briefly commented on in the text, or in the text alone. Repetition of results should be avoided! For statistical analysis, follow the 'Guidelines for data reporting and nomenclature' (Ann Thorac Surg 1988).
    4. Discussion: should interpret the findings in view of the results obtained in this and in past studies on this topic. State the conclusions in a few sentences at the end of the paper.
  • Review article: maximum 5000 words
  • Case Report/Surgical Technique/How-to-do-it: maximum 1000 words
    1. Introduction
    2. Case Report/Surgical Technique/How-to-do-it
    3. Discussion
  • Image: maximum 100 words
    1. Image: a brief description of the case
    2. Detailed description of the figure
  • Letter to Editor: maximum 500 words

Acknowledgements: of people, grants, funds and etc. should be brief and given in every type of article.

Conflicts of Interest: Declarations of conflicts of interest should be given before references in every type of article.

References: Authors are responsible for checking the accuracy of all references.

References should be numbered in order of appearance in the text (in Arabic numerals in parentheses) and must be listed numerically in the reference list. Journal titles and author initials should be properly abbreviated and punctuated. List of all authors should be written if there are 3 authors or less. If there are 4 or more authors, list the first three and add et al. Do not truncate page numbers i.e. type 1253-1259 not 1253-9 or 1253-59. If an automatic referencing system has been used in the preparation of the paper, the references must not be left embedded in the final text file submitted. It is advised to cite similar articles from The Journal-CVS or EJCR and The citation of journals, books, multi-author books and articles published online should conform to the following examples:

  • Journals

    Robicsek F, Daugherty HK, Cook JW. The prevention and treatment of sternum separation following open-heart surgery. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 1977;73:267-268.

  • Books

    Cohn LH. Cardiac Surgery in the Adult. New York: McGraw-Hill Medical, 2012: 152-154.

  • Online-only publications (please give the doi wherever possible)

    Hu X, Rui L, Zhu T et al. Low testosterone level in middle-aged male patients with coronary artery disease. Eur J Intern Med 2011;22:e133-136 doi:10.1016/j.ejim. 2011. 08.016 (accessed October 7, 2012).

    Turkish Statistical Institute, 2012; [Accessed July 2012].

Tables: All tables should be on separate pages and accompanied by a title, and footnotes where necessary. The tables should be numbered consecutively using Arabic numerals. Units in which results are expressed should be given in parentheses at the top of each column and not repeated in each line of the table. Avoid overcrowding the tables and the excessive use of words.

Figures: Figure legends should be given with a brief description as footnotes. Minimum resolutions are 300 dpi supplied at a minimum width of 16.8 cm. Figures should be uploaded as separate files in .jpg format.

Videos: Video legends should be given. Videos no longer than 30 seconds should be uploaded as separate files in .mov format.

Permission to reproduce figures and extracts

Permission to reproduce copyright material, for print and online publication in perpetuity, must be cleared and if necessary paid for by the author. Evidence in writing that such permissions have been secured from the rights-holder must be made available to the editors. It is also the author's responsibility to include acknowledgements as stipulated by the particular institutions. Please note that obtaining copyright permission could take some time.


Authors are sent page proofs by email. These should be checked immediately and corrections, as well as answers to any queries, returned to the publishers as an annotated PDF via email within 3 working days (further details are supplied with the proof). It is the author's responsibility to check proofs thoroughly.